https://globalresearchnetwork.us/index.php/ajshr/issue/feed American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research 2024-04-08T15:37:21+05:00 Editor in Chief [email protected] Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research</strong> is a fully international, open access, peer-reviewed American journal published by <strong>Global Research Liability Limited Company</strong> that focuses on the latest research across all disciplines of the social sciences, including anthropology, economics, law, linguistics, education, geography, history, political science, psychology, sociology, and related areas. The journal is especially interested in interdisciplinary research and aims to facilitate the interaction and communication between different social science disciplines. The journal welcomes conventional-length articles as well as shorter Research Notes or short articles, as long as they meet the journal’s standards of quality and originality.</p> https://globalresearchnetwork.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/2738 The Effect of Training According to the Target Time on Speed Endurance and Digital Achievement of 400 M Freestyle Runners for the Youth Category 2024-04-08T12:05:08+05:00 Ahmed Hadi Rahim [email protected] Sarmad Qais Naji Jalil [email protected] Mohammed Safi Khudhair [email protected] <p>The purpose of this paper is to prepare exercises according to the target time according to the scientist (Frank’s) equation to develop speed endurance and digital achievement of 400-meter freestyle runners for young men, and to identify the effect of these exercises between the two groups in improving speed endurance and digital achievement of 400-meter freestyle runners for youth. The research hypotheses were that there are differences Statistically significant between the cardio and posttests according to the target time for speed endurance and digital achievement for 400 meter runners for the two research groups (control and experimental). The researcher also hypothesized that there are statistically significant differences between the two tests (pre and post) for training according to the target time for speed endurance and digital achievement for 400 runners. meters for members of the experimental group compared to the control group, and that there were statistically significant differences between the two groups for the post-test as a result of exercises according to the target time and their impact on the variables under study. The exercises are prepared according to the target time to develop speed endurance and achievement for the two research groups (control and experimental) and the achievement of the 400-meter freestyle runners among young men. The researcher used (the experimental method) by designing two groups (control and the experimental group). The researcher identified the research population as runners of the Iraqi clubs for the 400m freestyle event, numbering (10) runners. The researcher chose a research sample in a random manner and they were divided into two groups using the same previous method into two groups (control, experimental). 5 runners per group. The Frank equation was used in training to achieve the target time, the 300-meter running test was used to measure speed endurance, the 400-meter freestyle test was used, and the statistical package (SPSS) was used. The relevant means were chosen by comparing the results in the pre- and post-tests, which are the standard deviation, the arithmetic mean, Levene’s test, and the correlation coefficient. Simple Pearson's T-test for matched samples and analysis of variance (F) test. The researcher concluded that training according to the target time and according to the scientist Frank’s equation had an effective effect in developing speed endurance and achieving the target time for the 400 m freestyle event for youth. The researcher recommended relying on the exercises that were prepared and according to the target time according to A Frank equation to develop speed endurance and achieve the target time for the youth 400m freestyle event.</p> 2024-04-08T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://globalresearchnetwork.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/2739 Effect of Special Exercises to Develop Hand Fingers on the Accuracy of Top Preparation Performance Skill in Volleyball for Juniors 2024-04-08T12:10:19+05:00 Ahmed Hassan Saber al-Kaabi [email protected] <p>Volleyball is one of the games widely spread in all countries of the world and has a large base and is practiced in most places. that the overwhelming beating depends on the preparation of the ball by the player prepared with a high degree of accuracy performance, that the importance of research is reflected in the identification of the impact of the use of special exercises in the development of fingers of the hands and its relationship to the accuracy of the performance of the skill of preparation from the top volleyball among the junior players of this game, The problem of the study is the lack of general educational programs that regulate the subject of the study, which clearly indicates that there is a lack of interest by some coaches in developing it, knowing that it is one of the basic requirements for the volleyball player. The aim of the research is to identify the effect of using special exercises in the development of fingers of the hand accurately perform the skill of preparation from the top volleyball for juniors. Research hypotheses There is a significant impact of special exercises in the development of fingers on the accuracy of the performance of the skill of preparation from the top volleyball for juniors. The researcher concluded that the educational program prepared has a positive impact on improving the level of players of the experimental group, the greater the strength of the grip of the fingers of the hands, the better the level of performance of the player in the accuracy of the skill of preparation in volleyball. There is a positive moral correlation between the development of the fingers of the hands and the accuracy of preparation in volleyball players.</p> 2024-04-08T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://globalresearchnetwork.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/2740 Destiny and Free Will in Human Nature in Nasafi’s Teaching 2024-04-08T15:37:21+05:00 Jasur Abdullayev [email protected] <p>In this article, the views of Aziziddin Nasafi, a representative of medieval mysticism, on the issue of destiny and free will are analyzed, and their differences from the views of other thinkers are revealed. At the same time, the category of freedom is shown in its own interpretation, it is presented as a perceived necessity. All these are components of Aziziddin Nasafi's concept of Perfect Man and help to reveal its essence.</p> 2024-04-08T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024