American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research</strong> <a href="">ISSN 2690-9626</a> is a fully international, open access, peer-reviewed American journal published by <strong>Global Research Liability Limited Company</strong> that focuses on the latest research across all disciplines of the social sciences, including anthropology, economics, law, linguistics, education, geography, history, political science, psychology, sociology, and related areas. The journal is especially interested in interdisciplinary research and aims to facilitate the interaction and communication between different social science disciplines. The journal welcomes conventional-length articles as well as shorter Research Notes or short articles, as long as they meet the journal’s standards of quality and originality.</p> "GLOBAL RESEARCH NETWORK" LLC en-US American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research 2690-9626 Beijing Convention of 1995 and Women Political Liberation in Nigeria <p>Despite global advancements in women's political participation, Nigeria lagged significantly behind. The Beijing Convention, which advocated for gender equality and women's empowerment in politics, had not been fully realized in Nigeria. The country's political landscape remained predominantly male-dominated, with systemic barriers hindering women's involvement in decision-making processes. Cultural norms, socio-economic challenges, and inadequate legal frameworks contributed to this disparity, limiting the effective implementation of the Beijing Convention's objectives. This persistent underrepresentation of women in politics undermined democratic principles and hindered comprehensive socio-economic development. Therefore, the study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the Beijing Convention in enhancing women's political participation in Nigeria. The study was anchored on the intersectional feminism theory, examining how overlapping social identities influenced women's political participation. A qualitative research design was employed, utilizing content analysis to examine relevant literature, policies, and case studies. The findings revealed that systemic barriers, cultural norms, and inadequate legal frameworks significantly hindered women's political participation in Nigeria. Effective implementation of the Beijing Convention required addressing these multifaceted challenges. The study recommended developing comprehensive policies and programs to support women's political empowerment and ensure their active participation in governance.</p> Augustina Ikechukwu Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-12 2024-07-12 5 7 1 12 Digital Governance and Public Service Delivery in Rivers State, 2019-2022 <p>The study investigated the impact and challenges of digital governance and public service delivery in Rivers State between 2019 and 2022. The specific objectives of the study were to investigate the challenges of digital governance in Rivers State, and to determine the measures for addressing them. On the method of data collection, the study made use of secondary data. Consequently, scholarly materials such as journals, internet services, books, and other published materials that are associated with the subject matter were used. It also involved the use of content analysis. From the extant literature surveyed, the study found that: Rivers State Civil Service applies digital governance in service delivery, that the application of digital governance by the State Civil Service has positively affected public service delivery, and that there are some challenges to the application of digital governance in Service delivery in Rivers State. The study thus concluded that though digital governance is a dependable method of bringing good governance to the people through improved access to services, enhanced efficiency and transparency, empowered citizen engagement, data-driven decision making, innovation and economic growth, yet it is not without its challenges. Among others, the study recommended that, the government of Rivers State should provide functional computers, employ highly skilled ICT personnel as well as provide training opportunities to regularly update worker’s knowledge on modern trends in ICT, thereby promoting the application of digital governance and bringing about effective service delivery in the State.</p> SUCCESS-IKPE, JOY ALAFURO EPELLE Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-12 2024-07-12 5 7 13 25 Students’ Perceptions of Health Warnings on Cigarette Packs <p>Health warnings on cigarette packs basically have an important role in minimizing addiction on active smokers. This research aims to examine several factors that underlie smoking behavior among students in response to the policy of Minister of Health Regulation Number 28 of 2013 concerning Warnings on Cigarette Packs at Universitas dr. Soebandi, Jember. This research was conducted using descriptive qualitative methods, with data collection techniques using interviews and non-participant observation. Interviews were also conducted with students who were active smokers as informants in this research. The theory used in this research is the S-O-R theory put forward by Carl I Hovland to understand the social reality in society that underlies an action. The results of the research show that there are several factors that underlie students' smoking habits, including cultural factors, students' personal experience, and educational factors. The majority of informants admitted that they understood quite well about the dangers and consequences of Minister of Health Regulation number 28 of 2013, but had not been able to stop their habit of continuing to smoke.</p> Juariyah Juariyah Dechika Erian Dewi CW Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-06 2024-07-06 5 7 26 35 Realising Sustainable Development Goals in Rural Delta State through Youth Empowerment Programmes <p>This paper examined the realization of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in rural areas in Delta State. The paper argued that achieving sustainable development goals in rural areas in Delta State can be feasible through deliberate and robust implementation of youth empowerment programmes. Rural Delta State grapples with a high poverty rate, high unemployment rate and environmental degradation, limited access to quality education among others which affect both the youth and the rural areas. The sustainable development goals (SDGs) put in place by the United Nations in 2015, provide a global blueprint for addressing crucial issues as poverty, health, education etc. by the year 2030. Achievement of these goals require deliberate policies and programmes including youth empowerment of the youth in rural areas. The paper noted that despite the implementation of different youth programmes towards achieving and driving sustainable development goals in rural areas in Delta State, the needed optimum results have not been achieved and this is a concern. The paper relied on secondary sources of data while data was analyzed using content analysis. The major findings of this paper among others are that despite the successes, the youth programmes in Delta State face unique challenges including poor road network, poor health care, and limited access to electricity and inadequate educational facilities etc. The paper concluded that while challenges remain, continued investment and strategic improvements in the implementation can enhance the impact of these youth programmes thereby ensuring a brighter future for the youth of Delta State. The paper recommended among others, increase in funding, strengthening the monitoring and evaluation of youth empowerment programmes, collaboration and partnership. These measures if implemented will transform the lives of the youth in rural areas in Delta State thereby making lives more meaningful.</p> Nwabuko, Stephen Uchenna Allen, Fidelis Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-17 2024-07-17 5 7 36 45 Public Misperception of Poverty Alleviation Program Policies <p>This article aims to explore the public misperception regarding the policy of the People with Social Welfare Problems (PMKS) by the Indonesian government. There was a view in the community that various efforts made by the government were the only way out of poverty. The data collection was conducted through observation, interviews, and documentation studies. The data analysis indicated that the public's perception of the PMKS service program policy was only limited to the short-term benefits of the program and is pragmatic. To escape&nbsp; the poverty the poor only awaited for government policies without having willingness from within the poor to change. This study only covered three areas in East Java. Therefore a more advanced study with greater sample size is needed.</p> Nurul Widyawati Islami Rahayu Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-06 2024-07-06 5 7 46 58 Mapping for Development Strategy Tourism Village in East Java <p>In this article the author wants to map out a strategy for developing tourist villages in East Java which is sourced from previous research totaling 38 (thirty eight) studies of tourist villages in East Java from various national journals in the period 4 (four) years 2021-2024. From various studies, 3 (three) patterns of tourism village development strategies were found, namely: 1) <em>Community Empowerment</em> (Community Empowerment), 2) <em>Collaborative Governance</em> (Collaborative Governance), and 3) <em>Community Based-Tourism</em> (Community Based Tourism). Apart from that, a mistaken concept was found about village tourism being the same as village tourism. However, this is very different. Village tourism is the development of a village area that does not change what already exists, but rather develops the potential of the existing village by utilizing existing elements within the village to become a small tourism product and a series of activities or tourism activities that can meet various travel needs. . So the entire village area becomes a tourist attraction starting from the friendliness of the people, clean environment, interesting tourism and also the availability of infrastructure. So village tourism is only a small part of village tourism.</p> Sri Roekminiati Supranoto Supranoto Dina Suryawati Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-06 2024-07-06 5 7 59 72 Agile Governance: Driving Innovation in Local Government Organisations <p>Agile governance in the context of local government innovation, based on Stephen Denning's (2016) theory, emphasises flexibility, speed and collaboration to drive sustainable innovation. Denning outlines that the agile governance approach focuses on principles such as customer-centricity, autonomous teams, iterative progress, and continuous feedback. The purpose of this research is to find out the dynamics of innovation in Regional bureaucratic organisations. This research uses descriptive qualitative research methods so that the application of innovation in Regional bureaucratic organisations allows rapid adaptation to changing needs of society and the environment, increasing the effectiveness of policy and program implementation. This involves empowering cross-functional teams, transparency in decision-making, and increased citizen participation. Thus, agile governance supports the creation of a dynamic and responsive government ecosystem, which is able to face complex challenges and encourage innovation for public welfare.</p> Akbar Maulana Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-09 2024-07-09 5 7 73 82 Reformulation Of Banyuwangi District Government Policy Design On Corporate Social Responsibility In An Effort To Increase Regional Cultural Tourism <p>This research design is about how companies use social responsibility as a form of ethics to improve performance in the long term. Entrepreneurs, the government, and society as a whole must ensure that companies are socially responsible. Companies have social responsibilities that are not only limited to providing funds for environmental programs, but also treating their employees well, building long-term relationships with the environment, and running sustainable programs. The urgency of this research is expected to be able to provide direction to companies to carry out social responsibility in making policies and making decisions according to local government policies that support regional cultural tourism. Companies have an obligation to make policies, make decisions, and do things that benefit society, known as social responsibility. Organizational strategies, structures, and systems, as well as cultural and organizational strengths achieve organizational goals. The theories raised include theories of social responsibility and local culture, as well as theories of government policy design reformulation. Using a qualitative descriptive analysis method, supported by interviews, documentation and focus group discussions (FGDs) is expected to provide solutions to reformulate a government policy that can support cultural tourism through corporate social responsibility. This research aims to reformulate the design of government policies on corporate social responsibility to lead and support regional culture in an effort to improve the economy of the community and the Banyuwangi cultural tourism industry. The output of this research is to provide policy design reformulation to the government on corporate social responsibility.</p> Dimas Imaniar Edy Wahyudi Dina Suryawati Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-10 2024-07-10 5 7 83 91 The Politics of Arms Control and Internal Security in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects <p>The attempts of many countries to ensure peace and stability in their territories have continually seemed to be inefficient due to the growing rate of violence, terrorism, conflict in many regions of the world and Nigeria in particular. This is predominantly due to the proliferation of small arms and weapons of war circulating freely in the hands of unauthorized persons. Some of the objectives of the study were to ascertain the presence of weapon control laws in Nigeria as well as to examine the effect of arms control on internal security of Nigeria and also to determine the impact of the proliferation of fire arms on the internal security of Nigeria. Theoretically, the study adopted the Failed State Theory as associated with the Weberians. Methodologically, the study also made use of the secondary sources of data collection and analyze same through content analysis. Using the above stated methodology, the study found the presence of some weapon control laws in the country both international and local. Following from this, the study concluded that though these laws are there, the operations have proven ineffective in the management of arms in a turbulent country like Nigeria and therefore recommended that, in order for the government's security agencies to be able to effectively fight the spread of armaments across the nation, more advanced and automated logistical support should be made available to the security agencies.</p> Ndaage, Barikuma Lazarus Udu, Moses Ogechi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-19 2024-07-19 5 7 92 105