Cultural Tourism as a Catalyst for Socio-Economic Development in the Niger Delta


  • Margaret Oghie Zibaghafa Department of General Studies, School of Foundation Studies, Bayelsa State Polytechnic Aleibiri, Ekeremor Local Government Area, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
  • Tarabina Veronica Pamo Department of General Studies, School of Foundation Studies, Bayelsa State Polytechnic Aleibiri, Ekeremor Local Government Area, Bayelsa State, Nigeria


Culture, Tourism, Socio-Economic Development


The Niger Delta region, rich in cultural heritage and natural resources, faces significant socio-economic challenges. Political instability, security concerns, and environmental degradation hinder the development and growth of cultural tourism, a potential catalyst for socio-economic development. This study aims to explore how cultural tourism can drive socio-economic development in the Niger Delta by examining the impact of these barriers and identifying strategies to overcome them. The study is anchored on Sustainable Tourism Development Theory. A descriptive survey design was employed. The total population of the Niger Delta region is 31,359,482. From this population, a sample size of 3,000 respondents was systematically drawn using purposive and random sampling techniques. Initially, six states were considered, but three—Bayelsa, Akwa-Ibom, and Delta—were randomly selected. These states were divided into nine senatorial districts and grouped into three clusters. A purposive sampling technique was used to distribute 500 questionnaires in each state, focusing on educated individuals to ensure informed responses on cultural tourism's relevance to socio-economic development. Means and standard deviations were used to analyse the research questions. The study revealed that political instability, security concerns, and environmental degradation severely hinder cultural tourism growth in the Niger Delta. Unpredictable conflicts and violence deter investors and tourists, while environmental damage diminishes the region's attractiveness. To foster the growth of cultural tourism in the Niger Delta, it is imperative to address political instability and security concerns through robust governance and conflict resolution mechanisms. Establishing a stable political environment can significantly enhance investor confidence and attract tourists.


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How to Cite

Zibaghafa, M. O. ., & Pamo , T. V. . (2024). Cultural Tourism as a Catalyst for Socio-Economic Development in the Niger Delta. American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research, 5(6), 60–70. Retrieved from